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THE ANTI-HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIC EFFECT OF ULVAN POLYSACCHARIDE EXTRACTED FROM THE GREEN ALGA ULVAFASCIATAON AGED HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIC RATS
Update time:2016-07-29 00:06:00   【 Font: Large  Medium Small

Abstract

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the relation between hypercholesterolemia and aging, beside the role of Ulva fasciata polysaccharides (UFP) aqueous extracts in lowering cholesterol in aged hypercholesterolemia-induced rats was demonstrated.

Method: A total of 140 male Wister rats weighing 120±10 g, 6-9 months old were used. Hypercholesterolemia was induced in rats by feeding rats high-fat diet (cholesterol), cholesterol was orally administrated at a dose of (30 mg/0.3 ml olive oil/1 kg animal) 5 times a week for 12 consecutive weeks, lard fat was mixed with normal diet (1 kg of animal lard was added to 5 kg of normal diet), the occurrence of hypercholesterolemia was determined by measuring the lipid profile (TC, LDL-C, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol [HDL-C], triglyceride [TG]), the old hypercholesterolemic (HC) rats were only used. 

Results: The antihypercholesterolemic (HC) effects of ulvan, the sulfated polysaccharide extracted from the green alga Ulvafasciata, in aged rats, were studied. Algal treatment declared a significant reduction in serum total lipid level while, elevation of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol level was noticed in HC rats. Moreover, the algal treatment significantly decreased serum liver and kidney functions biomarkers and improved the hepatic antioxidant levels in hyperlipidemic aged rats. In addition, ulvan administration significantly suppressed the expression of tumor necrosis factoralpha, myeloperoxidase and cell vascular and intracellular adhesion molecules-1, while increased the anti-inflammatory cytokine level; interleukin-10. Furthermore, the histopathological examination of aorta, liver and kidney of HC-treated rats indicated that the Ulva fasciata polysaccharides (UFP), is a potent natural hypolipidemic nutraceutical for the amelioration of hyperlipidemia in aged rats.

Conclusion: It could be concluded that, in comparison with the standard anti-HC drug (fluvastatin) used in this study, both cold and hot UFP algal extracts of U. fasciata demonstrated appreciable anti-hypercholesterolemic property, in addition to their antioxidant activity even in the old HC  stressed rats. Thus, it could be used as a natural lipid regulator.

 

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Source:Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research      by Abduallah H F A.
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