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Plumbagin ameliorates hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats: Role of high mobility group box 1 in inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis
Update time:2018-07-19 19:15:11   【 Font: Large  Medium Small

Abstract

Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is a pathological process which magnifies with the ensuing inflammatory response and endures with the increase of oxidants especially during reperfusion. The present study was conducted to assess the possible modulatory effects of plumbagin, the active constituent extracted from the roots of traditional medicinal plant Plumbago zeylanica L., on the dire role of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) as well as the associated inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptotic cell death following hepatic I/R. Four groups of rats were included: sham-operated, sham-operated treated with plumbagin, I/R (30?min ischemia and 1?h reperfusion) and I/R treated with plumbagin. Pretreatment with plumbagin markedly improved hepatic function and structural integrity compared to the I/R group, as manifested by depressed plasma transaminases and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activities as well as alleviated tissue pathological lesions. Plumbagin prominently hampered HMGB1 expression and subsequently quelled inflammatory cascades, as nuclear factor kB (NF-kB), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity. It also interrupted reactive oxygen species (ROS)-HMGB1loop as evident by restored liver reduced glutathione (GSH), elevated glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity, along with decreased liver lipid peroxidation. Simultaneously, plumbagin significantly ameliorated apoptosis by amending the mRNA expressions of both anti-apoptotic (Bcl-2) and pro-apoptotic (Bax). The present results revealed that plumbagin is endowed with hepatoprotective activity ascribed to its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic properties which are partially mediated through dampening of HMGB1 expression.

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Source:Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy      by A M. Zaki, D M. El-Tanbouly, H F. Zaki, et al.
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